By James V. Holleran
Within the 12 months 1581, after 4 days of debating six prime Anglican divines on the Tower of London, Jesuit Edmund Campion (1540-1581) was once placed to dying simply because he wouldn't deny his religion. In 1970, the martyred Campion used to be canonized a saint. A Jesuit problem is a book-length variation of formerly unpublished Catholic manuscript bills of these debates.. As corrective old records, those Catholic manuscripts display a relatively assorted photograph of Campion and his competitors from that represented within the government's released model, and hence supply us a fuller and extra balanced realizing of what really came about. as well as their old price, the Catholic manuscripts additionally comprise energetic exchanges among Campion and his competitors, and supply humanizing information about them. As customized files they seize the dramatic style of a chain of lively debates facing the foremost theological concerns keeping apart Protestant England from Catholic Rome in Elizabeth's reign.. including a transcription of the Catholic manuscript bills, Holleran provides a common old creation to the debates, an in depth description of the manuscripts, short supplementary commentaries in regards to the debates, and a whole set of explanatory notes.
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Extra info for A Jesuit Challenge: Edmond Campion's Debates at the Tower of London in 1581
Recognition of a foreign prince or prelate was punishable by fine, imprisonment, and death. The Act of Uniformity reestablished in slightly revised form the 1552 Prayer Book and ordered its use. Clergy refusing to comply were to be imprisoned; laymen who failed to attend services were subject to a fine of one shilling for each offense. Thus, papal authority was rejected in favor of the queen's, and a Protestant ritual was restored. By the time of her second Parliament in 1563, Elizabeth was more secure on the throne, and Parliament was able to take a firmer position on religious matters.
In Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, 1558-1791 (St. H. Aveling acknowledges that his research on the topic is "no more than a preliminary study" (p. vi), and that his use of the records is not complete; however, some tentative conclusions seem evident: no papist community existed in York before 1572, but by 1576 a small group of recusants had sprung up among the middle classes; between 1578 and 1582 the first priest arrived, and the community was "being decimated by heavy persecution" (p.
F. Henderson's Mary Queen of Scots (London: Scribner's, 1905). For a more recent study, see Antonia Fraser, Mary Queen of Scots (1969; New York: Dell, 1972). Page 3 of Lorraine, a member of the powerful French Guise family, became queen of Scotland soon after her birth in 1542. In 1558 she married the dauphin of France, who ascended the throne in 1559 but died the following year. After the death of her mother, who had been serving as regent in Scotland, Mary returned to Scotland in 1561 as queen.