A Nietzsche Reader by Friedrich Nietzsche

By Friedrich Nietzsche

R. J. Hollingdale’s choice buildings Nietzsche’s writings in accordance with subject to offer the fullest attainable experience of the intensity and scope of this impressive writer.

The literary profession of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) spanned under 20 years, yet no region of highbrow inquiry used to be left untouched via his iconoclastic genius. The thinker who introduced the dying of God within the homosexual technological know-how (1882) and went directly to problem the Christian code of morality in past reliable and Evil (1886), grappled with the elemental problems with the human situation in his personal severe autobiography, Ecce Homo (1888). such a lot infamous of all, possibly, his inspiration of the triumphantly transgressive übermann (‘superman’) is constructed within the severe, but poetic phrases of therefore Spake Zarathustra (1883–92). even if addressing traditional Western philosophy or breaking new flooring, Nietzsche significantly prolonged the bounds of nineteenth-century suggestion.

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27 All this means is that I must necessarily be self-conscious in the mode of “myself qua having this experience” in order for the experience to even be possible. Hence, consciousness is aware of itself through its awareness of the objects of experience, establishing that self-consciousness is a product of there being consciousness of an object. Phyllis Kenevan affirms that this is essential to a movement of intentionality: “This condition expresses the structure of consciousness as intentional.

So, for instance, the meaning of a rose would 28 Moments of Disruption depend on that act of consciousness, of which it is a noematic correlate. ” Conversely, it could mean “rose to be avoided,” were one not to apprehend it as pleasing (in the case of some adverse allergy to rose pollen, for example). The reduction establishes the absolute existence of consciousness, by showing that the phenomenon of the world depends, for its being, on a transcendental constituting field that is itself independent of the being of the world.

In this reading of Husserl, Sartre determines that without “world” remaining transcendent, consciousness is no longer the field of radical spontaneity on which Husserl builds his phenomenological method. To be sure, Husserl adopts a form of idealism by 1913, from which Sartre distances himself in The Transcendence of the Ego. 16 As a corrective, Sartre develops the idea of the ego as a transcendent object for consciousness, and not a transcendental (and unifying) pole of conscious experience.

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