By Hong Hai
Acupuncture is largely practised within the twenty first century in scientifically constructed nations for quite a lot of diseases starting from persistent soreness, giddiness and hypertension to gastrointestinal problems and sexual disorder. but the explanations for its vaunted efficacy stay an issue of controversy. In conventional chinese language scientific concept, the mechanism of motion in acupuncture used to be understood by way of the movement of qi and the stability of yin and yang in the course of the body's meridians, a fancy community painstaking charted yet by no means stumbled on. sleek scientific researchers have tested previous and new needling issues, and a few view them as "trigger issues" that stimulate physiological responses within the physique. there's additionally transparent facts of robust placebo results, even though it has no longer been conclusively tested that that this is often both the most or the one major impression.
This quantity comprises twelve articles protecting the newest clinical motives of the mechanism of acupuncture and important experiences of scientific trials on its efficacy by means of major students, together with Edzard Ernst at Exeter, Lixing Lao on the collage of Maryland, laptop Leung on the chinese language college of Hong Kong and Thomas Lundeberg at Karolinska Institute.
Hong Hai is Senior Fellow on the Institute of complicated experiences and Adjunct Professor, Nanyang Technological college, Singapore and Director of the Renhai medical institution.
Readership: doctors, either Western doctors and TCM practitioners, acupuncturists, researchers and scholars. additionally, libraries of TCM specialist institutions and educating institutes.
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Extra resources for Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence
E. assessing the effects of acupuncture after one or a few treatments is not possible. It is likely that some off the long-term effects of acupuncture may be attributed to changes in the expression and synthesis of hypothalamic beta-endorphin. Interestingly, growing evidence suggests that the opioid system is deregulated both centrally and peripherally in many stress related conditions. This suggestion is supported by experimental and clinical studies of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) where it has been reported that the opioid system is deregulated both centrally and peripherally.
88, pp. 79) then perhaps these low-energy level phenomena are rather about regulation of the body. 69 While his experimental evidence is weak due to flaws in the studies his underlying ideas are worth further consideration. 85 All levels of needling activate ‘bio-information’. The term ‘bioinformation’ as used here refers to all biological structures and their functional systems, it also refers to the multiple control and regulatory systems that operate within and between biological organisms, it also refers to the flow of information from outside the body into the body and its biological responses/adaptations.
It might be that to describe the universe we have to employ different theories in different situations. 40 Such a conclusion from one of the world’s leading scientists makes us raise questions about simple ideas such as the ‘explanatory model’ and assumptions and conclusions we might draw from it. In acupuncture we find three kinds of ‘explanatory’ models, the first a mechanistic one, the second proposed on the basis of known physiology and the third based on traditional qi-based descriptions of the body.