By Michael McFaul, Kathryn Stoner-Weiss
This selection of essays is derived from a convention convened at Princeton collage marking the ten-year anniversary of the cave in of the Soviet Union. the superior minds in post-Soviet reviews considering the duty of opting for how the post-communist event with transition has proven or confounded traditional theories of political and financial improvement. the result's a wealthy array of writings studying important points of the transitional decade following the Soviet cave in and the comparative classes realized.
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Extra info for After the Collapse of Communism: Comparative Lessons of Transition
Others, meanwhile, have tended to downplay subnational government influence. In an earlier study, Kal Holsti and Thomas Levy claimed that provincial and state governments rarely use administrative and cultural relationships to pressure their respective national governments to alter policies vis-à-vis the other country or to claim a greater role in national policymaking (Holsti and Levy 1976: 303). Neither scholar, however, addresses the issue of whether it is possible for subnational governments to use these transnational linkages in order to pressure foreign regional or national governments to change policies on issues affecting bilateral relations.
It was also tasked with studying the situation pertaining to the islands’ former Japanese residents, as well as fostering and guiding the organisations comprising the Northern Territories Return Movement. The Headquarters’ organisational structure was consolidated Tokyo, Moscow and the disputed islands 29 in order to keep up with the changing situation surrounding the territorial dispute and in 1984, was renamed the Northern Territories Countermeasures Headquarters (Hopp™ Ry™do Taisaku Honbu). A Special Committee on the Northern Territories (Hopp™ Ry™do Taisaku Tokubetsu Iinkai) was established in March 1968 and has been active in promoting the campaign for the Northern Territories’ reversion and in supporting former residents.
The primary reason for the stalemate in bilateral relations is a dispute over the ownership of a group of islands, known to the Russians as the South Kuril Islands and to the Japanese as the Northern Territories (Hopp™ Ry™ do), which the Soviet Red Army seized during the closing stages of the Second World War. The Japanese government has consistently argued that it is willing to conclude a peace treaty only if Russia agrees to return the four islands. For its part, Russia has steadfastly refused to transfer all four islands to Japan.