An Introduction to Petroleum Technology, Economics, and by James G. Speight

By James G. Speight

There's just one substance recognized to mankind which can reason wars, impact international economies, and make nations wealthy: petroleum. yet how a lot does the common individual, even the common engineer, learn about it? This publication describes the petroleum in easy-to-understand language for either the layperson and engineer alike. From the economics of attempting to find oil and gasoline, getting it out of the floor, into pipelines, into refineries, and, ultimately, into your fuel tank, this publication covers the petroleum like no different remedy prior to.

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Bitumen recovery requires the prior application of reservoir fracturing procedures before the introduction of thermal recovery methods. Currently, commercial operations in Canada use mining techniques for bitumen recovery. Even though tar sand deposits are widely distributed throughout the world (Speight, 1990, 2007), the fact that commercialization has taken place in Canada does not mean that commercialization is imminent for other tar sands deposits. There are considerable differences between the Canadian and the US deposits that could preclude across-the-board application of the Canadian principles to the US sands (Speight, 1990).

The capillary pressure is the pressure required to cause a fluid to displace from the openings in a rock by another fluid with which it is not miscible. Capillary pressure is dependent on the size of the openings, the interfacial tension between the two fluids, and the contact angle for the system. 5 Transformation of Petroleum in the Reservoir Petroleum is susceptible to alteration even after it has collected in a reservoir or in sediments (Evans et al, 1971). The alteration process is ongoing and such alteration can change the quality of the oil during the life of the reservoir, thereby affecting the price of the oil.

Office of Industrial Technologies. United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Pirog, R. 2007. The Role of National Oil Companies in the International Oil Market August 21,2007. Report No. RL34137. CRS Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. August 21. Powicke, Sir Maurice. 1962. The Thirteenth Century. 1216-1307. 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, p. 13. Ramage, J. 1997. Energy: A Guidebook. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England. F. 1998.

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