Ancient Babylonian Medicine: Theory and Practice (Ancient by Markham J. Geller

By Markham J. Geller

Using a superb number of formerly unknown cuneiform pills, old Babylonian medication: concept and perform examines the best way medication was once practiced via numerous Babylonian execs of the second and 1st millennium B.C. Represents the 1st evaluation of Babylonian medication using cuneiform resources, together with data of courtroom letters, clinical recipes, and commentaries written through historic scholarsAttempts to reconcile the ways that drugs and magic have been relatedAssigns authorship to varied different types of clinical literature that have been formerly thought of anonymousRejects the procedure of alternative students that experience tried to use smooth diagnostic how to historical health problems

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Indd 23 2/4/2010 1:37:32 PM 24 Medicine as Science here is whether the patient will live or die, a concern that is also found in Diagnostic Handbook symptoms derived from the patient’s face: If (a man’s) face is covered with a yellow paste, his lips are covered with a film, his eyes secrete yellow (stuff), and his right eye squints, he will die. If his face is deformed, he will die. If his face is deformed and his tongue is yellow, (in fact) his body is yellow, he is ill in the stomach and will die (latest) on the third day.

Incantation of Damu, Gula, and Dingirmah. Spell. (Nougayrol 1947: 41) Psychosomatic Illness The distinctions between soma (body) and psyche (soul) can be found in the Hippocratic corpus, and the notion of psychosomatic illness can be traced back to Plato, who writes, “When the soul is too strong for the body and of ardent temperament, she dislocates the whole frame and fills it with ailments from within” (Timaeus, translation Robinson 2006: 51). ). No corresponding conceptual framework can be found in Akkadian, which lacks any term or concept of “soul,”40 but the distinction between physical and mental illness can be found in Babylonian medicine, although not expressed in the same philosophical form.

On this occasion male and female figurines with arms being bound behind the back are constructed out of various materials (clay, gypsum, dough, fat), and appropriate incantations are recited. A comparable case is described in the following medical text describing depression, for which the ritual prescribes a formal marriage ceremony between a male and female figurine, accompanied by offerings and the sacrifice of a sheep. If a man suffered a mishap but he did not know what had happened to him, he was constantly having regular reverses and losses, losses of barley and of money […], (or) losses of male and female servants, oxen, horses or flocks, dogs, and pigs, and even people were dying all at once: he kept having depression (“broken heart”).

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