By Xunwu Chen
One other Phenomenology of Humanity: A interpreting of A Dream of purple Mansions is dedicated to constructing one other model of phenomenology of humanity—human nature, human tendencies and human desires—by taking A Dream of crimson Mansions, the crown jewel of chinese language tradition, as its major literary paradigm of representation. The model of phenomenology of humanity at factor is a synthesis of the Confucian, Daoist, Buddhist and Western existentialist phenomenological debts of humanity—for instance, what's humanity, what make people as human, human nature, human emotions, human wishes, 3 middle human existential pursuits, and 4 uncomplicated difficulties of human life.
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Additional info for Another Phenomenology of Humanity: A Reading of A Dream of Red Mansions
33. , BT437/H385, BT438/H386. 34. Confucius, The Essence and substance of Confucius (孔子正义), in Completed Works of Teachers (诸子集成), Vol. 1, ed. 3. 35. 58. 36. ), The Four Books and Five Classics (Chengdu: Bachu Press. 25/26. Chapter Two Fate and Ontology of Humanity Our phenomenological account of humanity has no sooner begun than it has led us to the concept of fate. 1 This should not be surprising at all. The concept of fate brings home a whole stock of issues of humanity and human existence including self, other, the world, destiny, purpose, happiness, suffering, good life, karma (causality), existentiality, direction, situation, and home.
Whether it is a tyrant or an angel, fate stares at every person. It stares at every family. It stares at every nation-state. It is constitutive of human existence as the law of gravity is constitutive of sphere. ” which epitomizes our sentiment of being, summarizes the relation between fate and human existence. The concept of fate introduces us to the various provinces of human existence including purpose, causality, normative constraints, situation, task, challenge, and responsibility. No wonder, in Eastern and Western philosophies alike, the concept of fate is one of the most passionate yet at the same time most elusive concepts.
Alienation deprives a self its existence by turning his/her existence into someone’s existence or the existence of something else. ” Of all distinctions for a person or community, the distinction between authenticity and inauthenticity of existence has ontological priority. No good, happy, and worthy life can be built out of and by alienated, crooked, and inauthentic selves. There can be no good fate of an alienated, crooked, and inauthentic person. There can be no true happiness for an alienated, crooked, and inauthentic person.