Apocalypse in Rome: Cola di Rienzo and the Politics of the by Ronald G. Musto

By Ronald G. Musto

On could 20, 1347, Cola di Rienzo overthrew with no violence the turbulent rule of Rome's barons and the absentee popes. a tender visionary and the simplest political speaker of his time, Cola promised Rome a go back to its former greatness. Ronald G. Musto's vibrant biography of this charismatic leader--whose exploits have enlivened the paintings of poets, composers, and dramatists, in addition to historians--peels away centuries of interpretation to bare the realities of fourteenth-century Italy and to supply a entire account of Cola's upward thrust and fall.A guy of modest origins, Cola won a name as a skilled expert with an remarkable wisdom of Rome's classical continues to be. After incomes the dignity and friendship of Petrarch and the sponsorship of Pope Clement VI, Cola received the affections and loyalties of all periods of Romans. His buono stato verified the acceptance of Rome because the heralded New Jerusalem of the Apocalypse and quick made town a effective diplomatic and non secular middle that challenged the authority--and power--of either pope and emperor.At the peak of Cola's rule, a conspiracy of pope and barons pressured him to escape the town and stay for years as a fugitive until eventually he used to be betrayed and brought to Avignon to face trial as a heretic. Musto relates the dramatic tale of Cola's next exoneration and go back to principal Italy as an agent of the hot pope. yet basically weeks after he reestablished his executive, he was once slain via the Romans atop the Capitoline hill.In his exploration, Musto examines each identified record concerning Cola's existence, together with papal, deepest, and diplomatic correspondence hardly utilized by previous historians. along with his intimate wisdom of ancient Rome--its streets and ruins, its church buildings and palaces, from the busy Tiber riverfront to the misplaced elegance of the Capitoline--he brings a cinematic aptitude to this attention-grabbing old narrative.

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9 The ancient city had been a bishopric since about 487; it formed part of the Patrimony of St. Peter; and it had some geographic 32 BIRTH, YOUTH, AND SOCIETY importance on the road to the kingdom of Naples. Along with other cities of the Lands of St. Peter, including Viterbo, Perugia, Orvieto, Rieti, and Tivoli, it was often the residence of the popes, the Curia, and their attendant administrators, attorneys, notaries, bankers and merchants, craftspeople, and servants. By 1300 it was a stronghold of the family of Benedetto Caetani, Pope Boniface VIII, and a focus of the Caetani’s rapid acquisition of lands south of Rome, much to the detriment of their Colonna rivals.

We do know that by the mid–sixteenth century Rome had more grammar schools than either Venice or Florence, and that Rome’s communal authorities made greater efforts than those of most cities to certify and inspect schools. The commune’s schools were set up, like those of many other Italian cities, on a rione or contrada system. In Rome the maestri di rioni were paid by the commune through the university. Boniface VIII had established the studium Urbis, University of Rome, in 1303, and he might have also set up the system of maestri di rioni at that time.

X. XI. XII. XIII. 1000 m 1000 2000 3000 ft 8 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 5 St. John Lateran RIONI Monti Trevi Colonna Campo Marzio Ponte Parione Regola Sant’Eustachio Pigna Campitelli Sant’Angelo Ripa Trastevere map 1. Rome in the fourteenth century, showing gates, rioni, and major baronial families. Copyright Italica Press. BIRTH, YOUTH, AND SOCIETY 25 cities in northern and central Italy had populations over 20,000, but Rome lagged sadly behind other Italian and European capitals:3 Venice with 120,000 on about 525 hectares; Padua with 30,000 on about 506 hectares; a vertical Genoa with 70,000 on 110 hectares; Florence with 95,000 on 630 hectares.

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