By Anthony Vinci
This new e-book offers a framework for knowing the diplomacy of armed teams, together with terrorist firms, insurgencies and warlords, which play an more and more important role within the overseas process. in particular, the e-book argues that such teams may be understood as enjoying the stability of strength with states and different armed teams, as they're empirically sovereign non-state actors which are influenced by way of the pursuit of strength and exist as a part of an anarchic, self-help approach. This extensively new procedure deals a renewed conceptualization of Neorealism, and gives new insights into debates approximately sovereignty, non-state actors, new wars, counterterrorism, and counterinsurgency. The technique is illustrated via case reviews on Somali warlords, the protection complicated among the Lord’s Resistance military (LRA), Sudanese People’s Liberation military (SPLA), Sudan and Uganda, in addition to Al Qaeda. The e-book offers insights into such matters as how non-state actors might be built-in into structural theories of diplomacy, and likewise bargains pragmatic methodologies for the overseas coverage or army practitioner, reminiscent of tips to most sensible deter terrorists.
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Additional info for Armed Groups and the Balance of Power: The International Relations of Terrorists, Warlords and Insurgents
However, this is not to say that armed groups do not also control territory. Often armed groups will formally control some piece of territory on a temporary to permanent basis. For people existing on such territory, the armed group is the sovereign, not the state. However, the ultimate basis for the armed group’s sovereignty is in membership in the organization, not territory. It is in this sense that the armed group has sovereignty – it is an empirical reality of being the highest, exclusive authority over individuals.
As David Keen succinctly commented, ‘war may be a continuation of economics by other means’ (Keen 2000: 27). However, it should be kept in mind that ‘this does not necessarily mean that the wars are caused by economic shortcomings, but rather that the conduct, and continuation, of the war is determined by economic incentives’ (Angstrom 2005: 11). In other words, while an armed group may be initially motivated by grievances, their impetus for continuing to fight may be driven by the pursuit of economic goods.
This sovereignty applies even in cases where the armed group’s leader forces those under him to call him sovereign. As Bodin notes concerning the tyrant who prolongs sovereignty entrusted to him, ‘the tyrant is nonetheless a sovereign, just as the violent possession of a robber is true and natural possession even if against the law, and those who had it previously are dispossessed’ (Bodin, Franklin trans. 1992: 6). 63 States are in most cases the highest authority over the population which lives within their borders, however, this is not what defines them as states.